The importance of the cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale L.) coat: a review

Tereza Dantas, Natália Freitas Oliveira, Rosélia Sousa Leal

Abstract


The cashew (Anacadium occidentale L.) is a major source of income for farmers in the Northeast of Brazil. The cashew nut is composed of three parts: shell, nut, and brown film- known as coat. The coat represents 1% to 3% of the nut total weight and is a rich source of polymeric hydrolysable tannins, as polyphenols. The lipid fractions are particularly comprised by fatty acids, oleic (C18: 1) and linoleic (C18: 2). This study reviewed the cashew nut coat, in light of the scientific advances achieved in recente years. The aspects examined were: separation process between the coat and the cashew nut, coat chemical composition considering nutrients and other bioactive compounds of primary and secondary metabolism, biological and microbiological activities and technological applications.

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References


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